life and well-being of all kinds
of creatures to a degree as large as possible
Respecting life and well-being of course varies according to the kind of the relevant creatures. As for humans, animals, plants and microbes it respectively mainly implies what is mentioned hereunder.
Allready there are rules in laws of most, if not all countries, prohibiting to kill or wound other persons. Nevertheless there are many ways in which persons can kill other persons more or less indirectly, without acting against one of these legal rules. For instance producing or dealing consumptive products that are known to be bad for health and in many a case eventually lead to the user's death. Practising Vivism implies leaving also this kind of behaviour behind.
Not harming (other persons) in health in principle includes among other things leaving behind activities that result in others having to inhale polluted air, to drink or to swim in polluted water, to eat toxins containing food, or to miss natural silence and serenity.
In many countries environmental pollution is prohibited to a certain extent, but because this is a political matter, often also legal pollution has the effect of harming health of persons and mostly of other kinds of living beings as well.
In case it doesn't, it mostly does have the effect of disobliging other beings, in that it infringes their wellbeing (e.g. odor nuisance).
An example of a legal activity that in many a case indirectly harms other person's health is producing or dealing confectionery. For it's a generally known fact that many of these products in themselves are very harmfull to human teeth and as a result in many a case seriously damage them.
Practising Vivism implies leaving also this formally legal kind of activites behind.
Not hurting others as a principle is only marginally legally relevant in most countries, namely when it is done that seriously, that it must be called mistreatment. Certain religions however explicitely or implicitely teach that hurting humans physically or mentally should be left behind completely; (a.o. Christianism, Hinduism and Buddhism, which all emphasize one should treat the others the way one usually wants to be treaten one self). In that respect Vivism joins them.
Treating (persons) rudely can be regarded as a lighter form of hurting mentally. Also in laws this kind of behaviour is mentioned as good as nowhere explicitely. But for instance cheating, hindering or plagueing others occur very often and as a result spoil well-being of many to a considerable extent. Vivism excludes it explicitely.--
By the way:
Notwithstanding existance of legal and religious rules as mentioned above, it still very often occurs that people act against them by treating other people badly one way or another.
According to the Vivism philosophy this most likely is a consequence of the fact that people generally are not aware yet that they should treat also the other kinds of living beings (than humans) respectfull. For now that they keep treating them in the usual, in many a case very inhumane, way, this as a result of nature's system unavoidably is punished by being treaten badly themselves sooner or later, mostly by other humans; so in other words because most people directly or indirectly still treat animals, plants and microbes badly, they don't succeed in treating each other gently, but have to punish each other by treating each other badly as well.
Isn't there an old word, that says: "Who does right, will be treaten right"? From here it's only a small step to: "Who does wrong, will be treaten badly").
Thus respecting life and well-being of humans in general implies:
- Observing all legal rules strictly. Then namely one in principle doesn't kill, injure, abuse, insult, or illegally disadvantage anyone directly or indirectly. (Committing tax fraud for instance reduces the governments' financial capacity to properly take care of its tasks, among which healthcare and liveability care).
- Leaving behind several kinds of behaviour, that are not prohibited legally (yet), but still use to have a (very) negative influence on one or more other person's well-being and sometimes cause their death;such as lying, cheating, being dishonest in other ways, slandering, hindering, hampering, impeding, obstructing, annoying, (homo-)sexual demanding, polluting air, water and/or soil within legal limits, several kinds of unnatural behaviour (such asconfusing others by changing one's outward artificcially) and violating other people's natural territory.
This item is elaborated more extensively on special page "humanivism"
Respecting life and well being of animals in general implies:
- Avoiding all kinds of behaviour that directly or indirectly imply cruelty to one or more of them; mainly by not using any kind of animal foodstuff, nor certain kinds of animal materials (such as silk, down, fur, leather, ivory, etc.), but also in many other ways.
- Avoiding all kinds of behaviour that don't exactly imply cruelty to animals, but certainly or most likely have a noteworthy negative effect on their well-being; for instance polluting surface water within legal limits may not lead to conditions of life for the animals living in there, that have to be qualificated as cruel, but certainly as (very) awkward, (to be compared with the situation in which persons constantly or repeatedly suffer from stench, caused by a nearby enterprise)
This item is elaborated more extensively on special page "Animalivism"
Respecting life and well-being of plants implies avoiding in priciple all that directly or indirectly kills, mutilates, or damages plants physically otherwise, as well as all that must be concidered to have negative consequences for their well-being.
Among others by:
- Not eating any vital parts of plants; (roots, stem, leafs or flowerbuts).
- Not mowing plants, nor cutting, tearing or breaking them in two otherwise;
- Not cutting or picking off plant leafs (such as sugar caine and tobacco leafs);
- Not sawing, cutting or breaking off branches of trees and shrubs;
- Not wounding plants otherwise; (e.g. cutting in trees to tap rubber);
- Taking care not to burn living plants; (e.g. when making a campfire);
- Leaving behind weeds control;
- Using as little wood and paper as possible;
- Taking care not to be involved in pollution of the water that plants suck up;
- Taking care to as little as possible trample plants or flatten them otherwise;
- Infringing their natural procreation (by cultivation) as little as possible.
This item is elaborated more extensively on special page "Plantivism"
Respecting life and well-being of microbes especcially implies that fire is made as little as possible. For where fire is made as good as always big numbers of microbes that naturally find themselves in the (basic) fuel are killed.
This item is elaborated more extensively on special page "Microbivism"
V Other kinds of living beings
Biologically there are quite a few more kinds of living beings than the four mentioned above. Vivism also includes respecting life and well-being of all these other kinds (as far as possible).
One of those other kinds are molds Molds. They occur is several shapes of which the two most well-known are mushrooms and mold on food.
So in Vivism no mushrooms are eaten, whereas moldy food is not thrown away immediately, but only after the molds evidently have died away.
As for the third section of the definition
"...whereas one more that that prevents as far as possible, one commits these facts (killing etc.) unintentionally, that they are committed by somebody else and that one profits of them, in case they are committed anyway".
There are many ways, in which one can (try to) preventone kills,
wounds, mutilates, hurts, etc. one or more living beings unintentionally
To mention a few examples:
- By driving car as slowly as possible, especcially on summersdays in country area's, as there use to be many insects flying around then, whereas the slower one drives, the smaller the number of them is, that will be crushed against the car front xxx.
Of course its even a lot better not to drive car then and there at all and instead go biking if possible; but then as well one rides as slowly as possible, so that the chance that littles flies get into one of the biker's eyes is proportionally smaller. Of course the chance this happens can be as good as eliminated by wearing (sun-) glasses.
Generally a Vivist allways counts with the fact, that naturally man can only replace himself by walking or swimming, that is at a speed of some three miles/five kilometers an hour; the faster than this he shifts by use of an artificial means, the more he acts against the system of nature and the more he is responsable (and punished) for the life-unfriendly consequences this mostly has.
- By driving, biking or walking as carefully as possible (especcially in the dark), on tracks, where one knows often slugs or migrating toads are crossing the road. ---
There are also many ways, in which one can (try to) prevent, that somebody else kills, wounds, mutilates, hurts, etc. one or more living beings.
To mention a few:
- By joining or supporting an organisation, that is doing this institutionally one way or another. For instance a political party, a human rights-, a humanitarian, an animal protecting, an environmental, a vegetarian, a vegan, or a fruitarian organisation.
- By not producing or sellingindustrial productscts, that aren't essential in life and of which one knows, their use in many a case leads or contributes to the death of humans or other living beings. For instance weapons, alcoholics, mineral oil, benzine, motorised vehicals, etc..
- By educating others to be nature (= life) friendly.
- By individual actions, like putting out a virge fire; (and thus saving life of many plants and insects that otherwise would have been killed as a result of for instance somebody else having thrown away a stub there).
Finally a few examples of ways in which one can prevent
to profit from the mentioned acts, in case they are committed anyway.
- Not or no more holding shares in companies, of which the main activity has that effect; for instance in sectors like fishery, cattle-breeding, dairy products, car production, chemical industry.
(One might however also say, that shareholders are part of the company and as such contributing in what the company commits, so that they're not just profiting; in that case, a more clear example is the next one).
- Not accepting as a gift something of which one knows it has been produced or obtained in an unvivistic way.
- Gold for instance is produced in an unvivistic way, because in its production proces fire is unmissable.
- Money, that has been earned in an illegal way is obtained in an unvivistic way, because acting illegal as good as always at least implies "disobliging" others.
- And yes, (there really is nothing that can be done), in case a public grassplot has been mowed off by municipal or other mowing machines, one profits of this very plant unfriendly action, in case one goes playing soccer or some other kind of ball game there, which wouldn't have been possible in case these plants would'n't have been mutilated by mowing machines. Even watching (live or on television) a kind of sports that is played on a (mowed) grassfield can't be regarded otherwise that as profiting of this mass mutilation of grassplants for one's entertainment.
Links to relevant special pages:
"Emergence of Vivism"
"Vivism in ones own interest"
"Vivism eliminates all environmental damage"
Other relevant special pages